Located in the Ninh Binh province, just over 100 km from the capital city of Hanoi, Trang An Vietnam is a scenic landscape complex with countless breathtaking sights. Here, visitors can witness the magnificent winding mountain ranges and natural streams that lead to mysterious caves. Let’s embark on Trang An adventures with Asia Legend Travel and experience the beauty of the “heavenly scenery on earth” that any tourists cannot stop raving about!

Highlight of Trang An Vietnam

Recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2014, the Trang An Landscape Complex (Trang An) is a mixed cultural and natural property located within Ninh Binh Province in North Vietnam, near the southern margin of the Red River Delta. The Trang An Ninh Binh complex is mostly contained within three protected areas, covering over 10,000 hectares: the Hoa Lu Ancient Capital in the North, the Trang An-Tam Coc-Bich Dong Scenic Landscape in the South, and the Hoa Lu Special-Use Forest in the central position.

Many tourists flock to Ninh Binh to explore Trang An Ninh Binh Festival in springtime
Many tourists flock to Ninh Binh to explore Trang An Ninh Binh Festival in springtime

Trang An Vietnam is a unique and beautiful humid tropical karst landscape with classical karst cones and towers. It has a network of depressions connected by underground waterways that visitors can admire by going on a Trang An Ninh Binh boat tour. The area has been invaded by the sea several times in the past, but is now on land. The landscape features towering mountains with natural rainforests, internal basins, and narrow cave passages with flowing waters.

The stunning natural landscape acts as a crucial driver for the thriving growth of Trang An tourism
The stunning natural landscape acts as a crucial driver for the thriving growth of Trang An tourism

Archaeological deposits in caves reveal a sequence of human occupation and utilization spanning over 30,000 years. They illustrate the occupation of these mountains by seasonal hunter-gatherers and how they adapted to major climatic and environmental changes, especially the repeated inundation of the landscape by the sea after the last ice age. The story of human occupation continues through the Neolithic and Bronze Ages to the historical era. Hoa Lu, the ancient capital of Vietnam, was strategically established here in the 10th and 11th centuries AD. The property also contains Ninh Binh temples, pagodas, paddy fields, and small villages.

Bai Dinh Pagoda is a must-visit place for tourists going on a Trang An day trip
Bai Dinh Pagoda is a must-visit place for tourists going on a Trang An day trip

With its picturesque scenery, famous spiritual tourism sites, unique festivals, and attractive specialties, Trang An (Ninh Binh) is becoming one of Vietnam’s most worth-visiting tourist destinations.

Where to go in Trang An Vietnam

Trang An is of global significance in terms of cultural and natural values due to its three protected areas. Let’s explore these areas in our detailed Trang An Travel Guide below.

Hoa Lu Ancient Capital

Hoa Lu Ancient Capital was the capital of an ancient Vietnamese Kingdom called Dai Co Viet in the 10th century. The kingdom covered only an area of 300 hectares and reigned during the Dinh and Le dynasties until the 11th century, during the Ly Dynasty. The armor from the citadel wall and the Yen Ngua limestone hills provided strong defense against the Chinese for the kingdom. Hoa Lu Ancient Capital is considered an important cultural and historical site of great value in Vietnam.

Where to go in Trang An Vietnam: Hoa Lu ancient capital
Where to go in Trang An Vietnam: Hoa Lu ancient capital

Tam Coc-Bich Dong Scenic Landscape

Among the many breathtaking tourist destinations near Hanoi, Tam Coc Bich Dong stands out as the most enchanting and romantic place to visit. Known as “Nam Thien De Nhi Dong” (The second most beautiful cave in Vietnam) or “Ha Long Bay on land,” Tam Coc-Bich Dong still maintains its authentic natural beauty with caves, limestone mountains, and rice paddies, all of which are complemented by unique architecture alternating with pagodas and caves such as Tam Coc, Thai Vi Temple, Bich Dong Pagoda, Tien Cave, and Mua Cave. Its wild yet romantic beauty attracts thousands of tourists daily who seek to immerse themselves in the peaceful atmosphere of this world-renowned destination.

Where to go in Trang An Vietnam: Tam Coc Bich Dong scenic landscape
Where to go in Trang An Vietnam: Tam Coc Bich Dong scenic landscape

Hoa Lu Special-Use Forest

As the link between the two areas above, the landscapes of Hoa Lu Special-Use Forest consist mainly of limestone mountains, rivers, lakes, and swamps. Due to this, the forest plays a crucial role in the region’s biodiversity. According to recent studies, the Trang An ecosystem is home to more than 600 species of plants and 200 species of animals, many of which are included in Vietnam’s red list and require high protection.

Where to go in Trang An Vietnam: Hoa Lu special use forest
Where to go in Trang An Vietnam: Hoa Lu special use forest

Best Time to Visit Trang An Vietnam

Throughout the year, travelers embarking on a Trang An boat tour can discover something worth exploring in Trang An. However, the best time for tours in Trang An is from February to June. During this period, there are plenty of traditional festivals that showcase the rich culture of the locals.

The best time for tours in Trang An is from February to June, as this is when many traditional festivals take place
The best time for tours in Trang An is from February to June, as this is when many traditional festivals take place

Additionally, the landscapes are breathtaking; the paddy fields are lush green from February to March, and the color gradually changes to a bright yellow towards the harvest time from the end of May to the beginning of June. It is advisable to avoid the rainy season in Vietnam (July-August) to prevent any interference with your plan.


It’s no wonder why many tourists choose Trang An Vietnam as their destination for eco-tourism and spiritual tourism every summer, holiday, or weekend. This destination truly lives up to its reputation as the “heavenly scenery on earth” that tourists often describe it as!


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